For those interested in Forex trading or aiming to export or import products, it is important to understand how international trade works. The foreign trade is a crucial aspect to look at when you’re making big decisions in your business. In this article, we will explore the basic information that you need to learn about global trade.

Explaining the International Trade

International trade helps nations to widen their economies and to purchase goods and services that would otherwise not have been available at home. The economy became more dynamic, as a result of foreign trade. In the end, this leads to more competitive prices which gives the customer a cheaper commodity around.

How does it work?

Foreign trade is essential to global economic development. Supply and demand (prices) both influence and are influenced by world events.

For example, policy change in China may lead to an increase in the price of labor. This could raise the production costs for a Beijing-based French clothing manufacturer, which would result in a price hike charged for a piece of dress that an French user could avail at their local shopping centre.

Two important trading activities: Importing and Exporting

An export is a commodity distributed on the world market, and an import is a commodity which is purchased from the international market. Imports and exports are compensated for in a country ‘s balance of transactions, in the current account section.

International enterprise encourages rich nations to make more productive use of their energy – manpower, technologies, or resources, for example. Many  countries are blessed with diverse assets and natural resources: land, labor, money, technology, etc. This helps certain countries to manufacture similar products more efficiently with reduced cost which means they could market it cheaper than other nations.

If a country is unable to manufacture a commodity successfully, it can provide it by negotiating with another country which can do the job better. This is known as foreign trade specialization.

World Price

International products and services have a global tag, the predominant price for a specific commodity or service worldwide. If local factories cannot sell their goods at a price below or equal to the world price, they will then be unable to compete in the global economy.


Some businesses are more productive than others, thereby making them more profitable. Competition in the industry requires manufacturers to be cost effective; otherwise they will be forced out of business. Performance depends not only on the laborer’s skills but also on the accessibility and price of resources, which differ by country.

If the division of labor within the country increases the economic stability of the country, so foreign trade should be able to boost it further, as it encourages the most competitive firms to compete internationally, with the lowest prices which favors everyone.

Industrialized countries can manufacture capital, third world countries can provide inexpensive labor, industrialized economies can deliver human resources, and agricultural resources can be manufactured more efficiently in regions with a lot of land and the right climate.